What is a Jack-A-Ranian? (Pomeranian & Jack Russel Terrier Mix)

What is a Jack-A-Ranian? (Pomeranian & Jack Russel Terrier Mix)

So you are thinking of getting a Jack-A-Ranian dog to your home or maybe you already have one but are interested to know more about it? Then you are at the right place. So, what is a Jack-A-Ranian?Jack-A-Ranian is a hybrid dog developed by breeding a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pomeranian. It can grow up to 6-10 inches in height and weigh 6-14 pounds. It is a friendly and playful dog suitable for active families living in apartments because of its small size.[caption id="attachment_3294" align="aligncenter" width="1000"]

© Photo from PetGuide[/caption]Keep reading till the end to get detailed knowledge about the Jack-A-Ranian Dog breed from start to finish.

Jack-A-Ranian Quick Overview

Breed Type:Hybrid of Jack Russell Terrier & PomeranianOriginated:USAppearance:From either or both of the parentsEye Color: BrownNose Color: BlackCoat Color: Brown, Black, Brindle, White, Cream, Gray, SilverHeight:6-10 inchesWeight:6-14 poundsMaintenance:ModerateTemperament:Personality traits of either or both of the parent breeds. Alert, gentle, friendly, intelligent, loving, playful, social, and protectiveCharacteristics:Great as watch dogs, Adapts well to cold temperaturesLifespan:13-15 yearsHealth Concerns:Patellar Luxation, Deafness, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, Collapsed Trachea, Hip Dysplasia, Epilepsy, Eye Problems, Dental ProblemsFeeding:1 cup per dayActivity Level:High, 60 minutes of activity per dayTraining:Intelligent but stubborn, difficult to trainGrooming:Weekly BrushingBest For:Active families living in apartments, houses with fenced yards.https://youtu.be/RSlTFaGf6Z4

What Do You Call a Jack Russell Pomeranian Mix?

A Jack Russell-Pomeranian Mix is known as Jack-A-Ranian. However, it can also be called by names such as Pom Jacks, Jack Poms, or Pom-a-Jacks. The Jack-A-Ranian is recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club, Designer Dogs Kennel Club, and other dog breed registries.It is a hybrid dog formed by crossing a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pomeranian.It is believed that the Jack-A-Ranian originated in the US roughly around the late 1990s. The purpose was mainly for companionship and since it is a relatively new hybrid, there isn't clear information available regarding its history.But, there exists a well-documented history of both of the parent breeds of Jack-A-Ranian. So, let's have a look at both of its parent breeds.

Jack-A-Ranian Parent Breed: Jack Russell Terrier

Origin:EnglandLife Expectancy:13-16 yearsTemperament:Intelligent, Stubborn, Energetic, Athletic, FearlessThis dog breed originated in the United Kingdom in the early 1800s for hunting and tracking purposes. It is an energetic breed that relies on a high level of exercise.This dog breed was large enough to live along with the foxhounds of England but also small enough to go and search for the fox from its den.Now, this dog's main purpose is family companionship and the hunting nature seems to be the secondary function.

Jack-A-Ranian Parent Breed: Pomeranian

Origin:Germany, PolandLifespan:12 – 16 yearsTemperament:Playful, Intelligent, Friendly, Sociable, ActiveThis dog breed originated sometime before 1870 in Germany and Poland. Previously, this dog was a larger dog breed weighing around 30 pounds. Moreover, this dog breed was a favorite of Queen Victoria. Nowadays, this dog's weight has decreased to a weight of under 10 pounds and a height of 8-11 inches. It is used for championships and as a delight to human families.

Jack-A-Ranian Temperament

The Jack-A-Ranian is a hybrid of Jack Russell Terrier and Pomeranian, so you can expect their personality traits to be influenced by either or both of the parent breeds.Usually, the Jack-A-Ranian is described as:

  • Alert
  • Intelligent
  • Loving
  • Playful
  • Protective
  • Energetic
  • Stubborn

Are Jack-A-Ranians Aggressive?

[caption id="attachment_3296" align="aligncenter" width="900"]

© Photo from LoveYourDog[/caption]Jack-A-Ranians can be aggressive, especially because of their Terrier heritage. They can feel suspicious about strangers and can be nippers. So, it is important to socialize and train them appropriately.Both of the parent breeds of Jack-A-Ranians are good watchdogs despite being small. So even though your cute Jack-A-Ranian may not look that intimidating, they will be very protective of you and your family.And that means, anything that will pass by or make any noise will put your Jack-A-Ranian in alert mode and as a result, may even lead to barking.The Jack-A-Ranians have a tendency of barking and can be distrustful of strangers. They can be barkers from an early age through adulthood. So even though you chose to keep them in apartments because of their small size, you need to keep their barking behavior in mind, especially if you live in a place where noise can be a problem.These dogs are actually good for houses with spacious yards where they can spend their energy running and playing around. Moreover, it is important to note that this dog won't hesitate if they feel something suspicious and can also be a nipper. So if you have little children in your family, you have to be careful.If you have children that are old enough and know how to deal with a dog, then in most cases it won't be a problem. However, if you have small kids who can get rough with the dog while playing, then the dog may react.

Is Jack-A-Ranian Good as a Family Dog?

Jack-A-Ranians are good as family dogs for active families that don’t have small kids and can tolerate the barking behavior of Jack-A-Ranian. However, they may not be a good fit for busy families with small kids.In general, Jack-A-Ranians are great family dogs because of their loving, loyal, and protective nature. They will love interacting with you as they are highly active. So if you have many members in your family who can play with the Jack-A-Ranian and keep it busy and active then it is great.Since these dogs originate from watchful parent breeds they will be protective of your home and family members and at the same time be distrustful of strangers.However, as highlighted earlier, if you have small kids who can be rough at times while playing then keeping this dog might be a bit of an issue. Even if they get familiarized with your kids. But you have to be careful if the friends of your kids come to play in your home as the Jack-A-Ranian might assume them as a threat.Another thing that needs to be considered while choosing a Jack-A-Ranian as a pet dog is how busy you are. The Jack-A-Ranians are quite energetic and they will need a lot of exercise. Now for such tasks you have to take out time separately which can be hard especially if you have a busy family.

Can Jack-A-Ranian Live with Other Pets?

As a general rule, if the Jack-A-Ranian is well socialized then they can live well with other pet dogs but still, supervision might be necessary. However, Jack-A-Ranian may not be compatible with other pets such as cats because they may inherit the prey drive of their parent breed, Jack Russell.How your Jack-A-Ranian will behave with other pets depends mostly on which type of pets you are considering and also the fact that they are socialized or not.It is important to note that most dogs will need at least some sort of socialization and training to behave in the appropriate way.So if your Jack-A-Ranian is socialized properly then it may get along with other pet dogs that are roughly of its similar size or larger than it.Usually, a well-socialized Jack-A-Ranian is likely not going to have any problem while interacting with other pet dogs when you take it to the park while walking or something like that.But the thing is that, though Jack-A-Ranians are small dogs, they might behave as if they are much bigger than they really are.And you must not neglect the importance of supervision because sometimes if a Jack-A-Ranian is playing with other dog breeds then it may go out of hand and you may need to come in to intervene and control the situation.In terms of whether or not to keep them with other pets, note that one of the parent breeds of Jack-A-Ranian is Jack Russell which is known for its hunting nature.The Jack Russell Terriers were actually bred to hunt rats and other pests and so they have a prey drive.Now if your Jack-A-Ranian inherits this trait then it will be not suitable to keep it with other pets such as cats or other exotic pets because your Jack-A-Ranian might consider it as food and not probably as a friend.

Jack-A-Ranian Appearance

[caption id="attachment_3295" align="aligncenter" width="400"]

© Photo from Dog Breed Info[/caption]A Jack-A-Ranian is a hybrid of two dog breeds and it can take the appearance qualities from either or both of the parent breeds. Usually, the appearance of a Jack-A-Ranian is described as follows:

  • Have a Compact Body
  • A Well-Balanced Head
  • Flat Skull
  • Almond-Shaped Brown Eyes
  • Black Nose
  • Prick Ears
  • Tail High Set
  • Intelligent Facial Expression
  • Round Feet With Thick Pads
  • Thick, Smooth, or Broken Coat
  • Coat Color can be Brown, Black, Brindle, Gray, Cream, Silver
  • Height: 6-10 inches
  • Weight: 6-14 pounds

Jack-A-Ranian Lifespan

Jack-A-Ranian is a relatively new designer dog breed, so it hasn't been around enough to determine its lifespan. But based on its parent breeds and its overall traits, its lifespan has been estimated to be around 13-15 years.Now it is usually believed by many that crossbreeding will reduce the chance of breed-specific hereditary illness. Moreover, some of the designer dogs were made for that type of purpose only.However, remember that it is not always the case. There are some health problems that can occur to a dog irrespective of its breed.

Jack-A-Ranian Health

One thing to note is that if you are getting a Jack-A-Ranian dog breed then it becomes important to ask your Jack-A-Ranian breeder about whether or not they screen and confirm that the parent dogs are free of any kind of inherited conditions.Both the parent breeds of a Jack-A-Ranian can get affected by various health conditions, which can also get passed to a Jack-A-Ranian offspring.Major Health Concerns:Minor Health Concerns:

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Deafness
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Collapsed Trachea
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
  • Eye Problems
  • Dental Problems

(Source)To reduce the chance of getting a Jack-A-Ranian Puppy, make sure to avoid dubious breeders. Also, there are some health issues that can be prevented if you take proper care of your Jack-A-Ranian.Usually, the Jack-A-Ranians can be prone to early teeth loss and dental issues, so you should make sure to brush their teeth regularly.

Jack-A-Ranian Feeding

As a general rule, a cup of kibble will be sufficient for your Jack-A-Ranian to stay fit and healthy. However, still, it is recommended to have a look at the feeding guide for exact measures.And though these dogs are small and cute, they are pretty active and so that will get highlighted in their dietary requirements.In terms of how much food to serve to this dog breed, you shouldn't overdo it because overfeeding them can cause obesity.In order to ensure that you are providing the perfect food to your Jack-A-Ranian dog, you need to select high-quality dry dog foods for small-sized active dogs.

Jack-A-Ranian Exercise

At first, seeing a Jack-A-Ranian, you might think of it as a typical lap dog. However, it is a highly active dog breed that will need a lot of exercise.In general, it is recommended to give your Jack-A-Ranian an hour of exercise daily. So if you decide to have your Jack-A-Ranian as a family dog, then be ready to give it regular walks, a lot of play, and many outdoor adventures because exercise is essential to keeping them happy and staying in the right shape.Not only physical but remember that the Jack-A-Ranians are also intelligent dogs and so they will also need mental stimulations.Although they will enjoy dog sports, you should also let them have access to dog toys. This is because if their mental and physical energy is not expended properly then they will start developing destructive behaviors like digging and chewing.

Jack-A-Ranian Maintenance

A Jack-A-Ranian is a moderate shedder so you will have to vacuum regularly and especially more often during the seasonal shedding period. In terms of brushing, it will require brushing only once or twice a week for removing dirt, debris, or any dead hair.For reducing parasitic development, occasional bathing will be sufficient.It is necessary to give special focus to teeth brushing and dental checkups to prevent dental issues. Also, to reduce the chance of ear infection, taking attention to the ear, and checking for debris and parasites will be needed.

Jack-A-Ranian Training

Now, Jack-A-Ranians are intelligent dogs but they are stubborn too along with having short attention spans. So training them can be a challenging task even if you are an experienced handler.You have to be calm, patient, and persistent while training them.


In short, Jack-A-Ranians are good, playful, loyal, smart, friendly, active, and energetic pets ideal for active families. Due to its small size, it can be best for apartments, but it is also a great watchdog and has a barking tendency, which if you can tolerate, then will be quite suitable.Training them can be hard because of their stubbornness, but still, appropriately training and socializing them can make them perfect for your home as a pet dog.